Orphus system

Article Review Structure

Depending on your instructor’s request, you may be able to apply the following structure to your review. You can also alter the elements within the body of the review structure to suit your needs.


Your title should not mirror the title of the original work; however, if possible, you can incorporate the original title into the name of the article critique. You do not need to mark the title of your work with quotation marks or an underline. On the other hand, when referencing works by other authors, you should underline the book titles and use quotation marks to indicate article titles.

For example:

A Critique of J. I. Rodale’s The Synonym Finder


Provide bibliographical data concerning the work you are reviewing. This information should include the title of the original work as well as the date it was published and pages you will be referencing.

Your professor may ask you to place this information directly into the text of your review.

Consider the following article review example:

“The Dignified Professor” by Richard Feynman (Creators on Creating, 1997: 63-67) describes a professor’s passion for physics.

In other cases, your professor may request that you separate the bibliographical information from the text. Instead, the information should appear on a reference page.

For example:

Feynman, Richard. “The Dignified Professer.” Creators on Creating 1997: 63-67.

Your review should also include several statements that reveal the content of the material and your brief opinion on it.

For example:

In “The Dignified Professor,” Feynman rediscovers the joy in physics after taking a playful approach to the subject. Feynman’s tale reinforces the idea that a playful perspective can turn a chore into a more enjoyable experience.




The amount of paragraphs in the body of your review will depend on the specifications of the assignment and your opinions on the original piece. However, the number of summary paragraphs should be equal to the number of evaluation paragraphs.

Your summary should cover all the major ideas presented by the author in the original work.

Describe the author’s intellectual background and the methodology the author incorporates when taking a stance on the topic.

Analyze a mixture of positive and negative aspects during your evaluation of the work. Use evidence, such as direct quotations, to support your claims.



Provide an overview of your evaluation in the conclusion. You can also elaborate on the points you made during the body of the review. Provide recommendations that suggest which audiences should read the original work. Also, point out audiences that may not find it as enjoyable. As a final word, evaluate the ways in which the field may benefit from the piece.

Types of Journal Articles

Writing a journal article review tends to be less complex than writing essays that demand heavy library research. It is also less intensive than writing a review for The Canberra Times, which assumes the reader has no prior knowledge of the subject.

A journal article review assumes the reader is a supervisor or lecturer who already has thorough knowledge of the subject. In this case, the reader will be focused on the ways in which you assess the original author’s ideas, develop your argument and support your stance.

Journal articles can be broken down into three basic types:

Primary studies require that you perform and report on first-hand research. These types of studies, also known as original research studies, are common in professional journals. Some examples include dissertations by graduate students and governmental research reports.

Secondary studies, or integrative studies, pull information from primary studies. Some examples of these types of studies include economic analyses, review articles, decision analyses and meta-analyses. Books and book chapters are common forms of source materials in secondary studies.

Other articles may include editorials, reports and other articles that do not rely heavy on researched material.

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